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You are at » Myanmar Facts
MYANMAR FACTS
Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, a land of friendly people, a land of the million pagodas, to name a few, is rich in natural and cultural resources. For its long history and big size, it is an ideal place to experience the archeology as well as flora and fauna. There are a lot of existing and newly-developed destinations in Myanmar. Not only natural and man-made places but also its friendly people itself are also uniquely attractive.

Myanmar is situated in the South East Asia. It is between Thailand and Laos on the east, Bangladesh to the west and China and India to the north. It is a country of 676000 square kilometers. It lies between latitude 10 and 28 degrees north, and longitude 92 and 101 degrees east. To the south are the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. Myanmar has a population of 53 million. There are 135 different ethnic groups and 8 main national races in Myanmar. Physically, Myanmar consists of seven states including Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine and Shan State. And the seven divisions are Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, and Yangon Division.
Country Name: Union of Myanmar (Burma became Myanmar in 1989)
Land Area: 676,578 sq km (261,227 sq miles)
Capital: Yangon (Rangoon)
Population: 50, 519, 0001 million (2005 estimate)
Density: 75 persons/ Sq Km
Ethnic Groups: 68% Burmese, 10% Shan, 7% Kayin, 4% Rakhine, Chin, Kachin, Mon, Chinese, Indian and assamese minorities.
Religion:  The majority of the people of Myanmar are Buddhist although Christianity, Islam and Hinduism are also practiced.  About 87% of population is Buddhists, 5% are animists, 4.5% are Christian, 4% are Muslim and 1.5% is Hindu.
Language: The majority of the people speak Myanmar (Burmese) and English is widely used.
Life expectancy: 54 years for male, and 60 years for female (2007 estimate)
Literacy rate:  Males 89.7% and Females 86.2%
Climate:
Myanmar has three seasons: the rainy, the cold and the hot seasons. The rainy season is from May to mid October. Average temperature will be 25-30 C. The cold season is from November to January. Average temperature will be 20-24 C. The hot season is from February to April. Average temperature will be 30-35 C. The best time to visit Myanmar is from October to mid-May.
Currency:  is called “Kyat” which comprises 100 Pyas. The denominations are Kyat-1000, 500, 200, 100, 90, 50, 45, 20, 15, 10, 5, 1. The United State Dollar is now widely used in Myanmar. The best way is to bring USD in cash.

Voltage: 220 V 50 HZ

Time: GMT +6:30 hours
Country Calling Code: +95
Internet domain: .mm
Office Hours: Government and business 9:30 Am to 4:30 pm. Monday to Friday and Shops - 10:00 Am to 9:00 Pm. Usually Monday through Saturday.
International Airport Tax:  Any passengers departing Myanmar on international flights will need to pay a departure tax of US$ 10.00 per person.
How to get in:
Unquestionably, the best way to enter into Myanmar is by air to Yangon. Chiang Mai to Mandalay is also possible by Myanmar Airline (Air Mandalay) once or twice a week, depending on low/high tourist season.
Overland Crossings:
From: Ranong (Thailand) to Kawthaung (Myanmar) or Mae Sai (Thailand) to Tachilek (Myanmar) or Ruili (China) to Mu Se (Myanmar) is apparently legal. But you will need a prior arrangement for your visa to fly to Yangon and maybe Mandalay. However the possibility of land crossings can be changed from time to time and it is always best to check with embassy first before you plan to enter into Myanmar.
Domestic airlines are:
Air Bagan - flying to Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kaw Thaung, Kalaymyo, Kyaing Tong, Lashio, Mergui, Mandalay, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Pathein, Putao, Sittwe, Tachilek, Thandwe
Air Mandalay
- flying to Bagan, Heho, Kyaing Tong, Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Sittwe, Tachileik, Thandwe
Myanma Airways
flying to Dawei, Heho, Kawthaung, Kyaukphyu, Loikaw, Mandalay, Mawlamyaing, Myeik, Bagan, Sittwe, Thandwe
Yangon Airways flying to Heho, Kawthaung, Mandalay, Bagan, Thandwe
International flights to Yangon or Rangoon are:
Air Asia (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi)
Air India (Delhi)
Indian Airlines (Kolkata)
Air Bagan (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi)
Air China (Beijing, Kunming)
Bangkok Airways (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi)
China Southern Airlines (Guangzhou)
Druk Air (Bhutan)
Hong Kong Express Airways (Hong Kong)
Jetstar Asia (Singapore)
Malaysia Airlines (Kuala Lumpur)
Mandarin Airlines (Taipei-Taiwan)
Myanmar Airways International (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Kuala Lumpur)
Silk Air (Singapore)
Thai Airways International (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi)
 
Airport Entry Procedure:
To show your passport, entry-visa, disembarkation card and other relevant documents to the officers at the immigration counter (foreigners' section)
To let customs officers examine your passport and declaration forms at the customs counter
To pick up your luggage taken in by the conveyor-belt
To declare, if any, electrical goods/ camera /jewellery and large amounts of foreign currencies at the customs counter
To settle custom duties, if required, through the red channel
To let customs preventive officers inspect your luggage
To let immigration officers re-examine your passport
Airport Departure Procedure:
To get your ticket confirmed at the airlines concerned
To pay the airport tax (US$10 in cash)
To show your passport and airport tax receipt at the counter of the airline concerned so as to receive your boarding-pass
To let the immigration officers examine your passport and embarkation card
To submit your passport and declaration form at the customs counter
To let the customs preventive officers inspect your luggage
To go through a body-search
Visas Information:
Three Types of Visa
Tourist visa:  which is valid for 28-day. You can enter anytime within 3 months of obtaining your visa.
Business visa:  which is valid for 10 weeks. It requires a letter of introduction from a business in Myanmar, stating purpose of your visit.
Meditation visa:  which has no time restriction, but pre-arranged with a Monastery or Meditation Centre with sponsor letter is required with your visa application.
A valid Passport with Entry Visa is required of all visitors, applicable at Myanmar Embassies and Consulate General Offices abroad. A Tourist Visa allows a stay of 28 days, extendible for an additional 14 days. A Business Visa allows a stay of 28 days, extendible up to 12 months on a case-by-case basis. Overland entry is permitted for Thai tourists with border pass and for third party tourists with visa at Tachileik, Kawthaung check points along Myanmar-Thai Border; and for Chinese tourists with border pass and for third party tourists with visa at Muse along Myanmar-China Border. Visa on Arrival is granted on prior arrangement with the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism. You must enter Myanmar before the expiration of the visa (valid 90 days after issue). There are 2 kinds of Tourist Visa as:

E.V. T (FIT)

This Visa can be obtained at every Myanmar embassy or consulate by submitting passport and 3 photographs! Normally need to change US$ 200,- into F.E.C (Foreign Exchange Certificate) on arrival. But for time being nobody needs to change the US$ into FEC at the airport! Visa fees: equivalent: 20 US$ per person

E. V. T (Package)

We need your passport particular after sales and we will send you our Package Tour Confirmation Letter You can apply Package Visa at the nearest Embassy or Consulate with this letter and passport and 3 Photos. No need to change 200, - US$ into FEC on arrival.
Visa fees: equivalent: 20 US$ per person.
Visa on Arrival
Visa on Arrival system makes the tourists convenient who have not enough time to apply normal EVT visa (Entry Visa for Tourists) at the certain Myanmar Embassy or Consulate abroad. Especially, for the tourists whose from the countries where Myanmar Embassy or Consulate do not exist. Our company would provide the visa upon your arrival.
After getting approval, we will send the recommendation letter through e-mail to use for airlines boarding pass and to show immigration upon your arrival. It will take minimum 14 working days for the application and you have to send the follow data to us:
We can assist this service only, if the tour is booked through us. We can get permission and then submit to Immigration Department. After Visa is approved, we will inform the International airline that they will allow your boarding without Visa in your passport and cc to you.
Visa on Arrival is granted on prior arrangement with the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism and immigration department with the data to our company as mention below.
  • 1) Passport Size Photo Via e-mail
  • 2) Passport Scan
  • 3) Occupation
  • 4) Date of Birth
  • 5) Place of Birth
  • 6) Address in abroad
  • 7) Flight detail
  • 8) Purpose of entry into Myanmar
  • 9) Visa on Arrival service USD – 45 per person including Visa fee and Service Charges.
You need to bring 3 passport photos from abroad to show at the visa counter at the Airport as there is no possibility to take photos at the airport.
Immigration & Customs Formalities
Your valuables (jewelry, cameras, electronic equipment, etc.) should be declared on your customs declaration form upon arrival. Receipt of purchase and an export permit voucher for locally bought goods such as gems and jewelry may be required upon departure.
Duty Free Allowance
Two bottles of liquor, two cartons of cigarettes or 100 cigars and half liter of perfume are allowed per person. Yangon Airport arrival hall has a selection of duty free shops with a full range of items at a good price.
Health:
No inoculations or vaccinations are required unless coming from or passing through an infected area. Clients should bring sufficient medication with them if required and should check for updated health recommendations before your departure to Myanmar regarding hepatitis, malaria, typhoid, etc. Please contact us if you would like detailed information on emergency health services available.
Tourist destinations:
There are seven states and seven divisions for tour place in Myanmar including Yangon, Mandalay and Inle where tourists can visit.
 
Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon Division, Chin State, Kachin State, Kayah State, Kayin State, Mon State, Rakhine State, Shan State.
 
Tourist Attraction Sites:
Public Holidays
January 4 Independence Day
February 12 Union Day
February 27 Full moon day of Tabaung
March 2, Peasants' Day
March 27 Armed Forces' Day
April 13 - 16   Thingyan (Water Festival)
April 17 Myanmar New Year
April 27 Full moon day of Kason
May 1, Workers' Day
July 19, Martyrs' Day
July 26 Dhammasetkya Day (Full Moon Day of Waso)
July 26 Beginning of Buddhist Lent
October 23 Abhidhamma Day (Full Moon Day of Thadingyut, End of Buddhist Lent)
November 21 Tazaungdaing Festival (Full Moon Day of Tazaungmon, Lights Festival)
December 1     National Day
December 25, Christmas
January 05 Kayin New Year Day
Myanmar Festivals:
Myanmar is the land of festival. Since our people fond of fun, there is at least one festival for every month. Most of the festivals are cultural and religious those celebrate nation-wide. And a few are specifically regional. Festivals are long-lasting, enjoyable in Myanmar. There's often a country-fair atmosphere about these festivals – at same convenient grounds there will be numerous stalls and activities that go on all night. We are delighted to determine as follow:
 We are willing to arrange your journey to coincide with festivals. These celebrations such as Ananda Pagoda Festival, Thingyan – Water Festival and Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda Festival, etc… offer a perfect chance to join the local.
1. Manaw Festival: 10 th January

 2. Naga New Year Festival: 2 – 16 Jan 2008
  3. Ananda Pagoda Festival: 9 Jan – 21 Feb 2008.
4. Kyaik Khauk Pagoda: 15 Feb – 21 Feb 2008
5. Mahamuni Pagoda Festival: 20 Feb – 21 Feb 2008
6. Shwe Umin Pagoda Festival: 17 Mar – 21 Mar 2008

7. Baw Gyo Pagoda Festival: 6 March – 21 March 2008
8. Kakku Pagoda Festival: 21 March 2008
9. Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda Festival: 13 Apr – 25 Apr 2008
10. Thingyan Festival and Myanmar New Year Festival:  13 Apr – 17 Apr 2008
11. Bo Tree Watering Festival: 19 May 2008
12. Popa Ceremony:
22 May 2008
13. Mahamuni Waso Festival (Chin Lone Competition)
: 17 July 2008
14. Taung Byone Nat Festival: 9 Aug – 16 Aug 2008
15. Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda Festival: 30 Sept – 16 Oct 2008
16. Kyaukse Elephant Dance Festival: 15 Oct 2008
17. Thidingyut Festival: 13 Oct – 15 Oct 2008
18. Hot Air Balloon Festival: 10 Nov – 12 Nov 2008
19. Khaung Hmu Daw Pagoda Festival: 12 November 2008
20. Po Win Taung Cave Festival: 7 Nov – 12 Nov 2008
Myanmar Foods:
In Myanmar, there are many reasonable restaurants. The food in Myanmar is a bit limited. In the most tourist spots of Myanmar, Chinese food, Indian food and Myanmar traditional food are available. In Yangon and Mandalay, Japanese food, Korean food and European cuisine are also available. Myanmar traditional food will consist of streamed rice, curry, salads and soup.
Things to Buy:
Myanmar arts and crafts, mostly pure hand-made, are best souvenirs. Lacquer ware, woodcarvings, tapestries, silverware, brassware, silk and cotton fabrics and shoulder bags are some of the favorite items.
For jewellery, there is Burma rubies, sapphires, jade and pearls available at Myanmar gems shops. All gems and jewellery purchased should be made through the government licensed dealers, who can give a voucher for export.
Bargaining is essential for obtaining the reasonable prices. Possible price reductions of up to 50% are not uncommon. Click here for a list of recommended shops.